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Communist Neo-TraditionalismWork and Authority in Chinese Industry$
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Andrew Walder

Print publication date: 1988

Print ISBN-13: 9780520064706

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520064706.001.0001

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The Factory as an Institution: Life Chances in a Status Society

The Factory as an Institution: Life Chances in a Status Society

(p.28) 2. The Factory as an Institution: Life Chances in a Status Society
Communist Neo-Traditionalism

Andrew G. Walder

University of California Press

China suffers from a massive oversupply of labor, while a labor shortage is currently a major constraint on Soviet industrial growth. The Soviet Union has been a predominantly urban society for two decades and has already passed through the demographic transition. China's demographic characteristics enhanced the pattern of worker dependence on the enterprise. The factors that improve the significance of workplace distributions and subsidies for individual workers are presented. The common thread in the Soviet and Chinese pattern is the heavy dependence on the state enterprise for the satisfaction of a broad range of the workers' needs. The high employment–low wage policy dictated relatively infrequent wage readjustments. In both China and the Soviet Union, the communist party maintains a regular system of compulsory meetings and political surveillance, and it controls both union and youth league branches in workshops.

Keywords:   China, Soviet Union, worker, communist party, industrial growth, workplace distributions, employment, wage

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