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National Ideology Under SocialismIdentity and Cultural Politics in Ceausescu's Romania$
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Katherine Verdery

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780520072169

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520072169.001.0001

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The Suppression and Reassertion of National Values in Socialist Romania

The Suppression and Reassertion of National Values in Socialist Romania

Chapter:
(p.98) CHAPTER THREE The Suppression and Reassertion of National Values in Socialist Romania
Source:
National Ideology Under Socialism
Author(s):

Katherine Verdery

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520072169.003.0004

This chapter illustrates the suppression and reassertion of national values in socialist Romania. The Romania of the late 1970s and 1980s provides a classic example of a breed that was becoming rare during those years: a neo-Stalinist, highly centralized command economy conforming well to the bureaucratic allocative model. Almost none of the expanded market forces, decentralized economic decision making, or political pluralism emerging in Hungary, Poland, or the Soviet Union graced the Romanian landscape. The state persecuted independent entrepreneurship, increasingly raided peasants' “private” plots, militarized many enterprises so as to check sliding output, placed economic contracts under supervision by the General Prosecutor's Office, and chipped away at all enterprises' funds for paying workers. In addition to its unusually high centralization, Romania was unusual within the bloc for its mode of control. In its early days the Romanian regime controlled its population chiefly by force, which was later relaxed and briefly supplemented in the 1960s with a few economic incentives.

Keywords:   suppression, reassertion of national values, Socialist Romania, neo-Stalinist, political pluralism, economic decision making

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