This chapter attempts to show how Romanian intellectuals, as they produced culture, constructed politically relevant fields of discourse about the Nation, thereby reproducing national ideology through time. They have grounded their analysis in the particulars of “real socialism,” asking what it was in Romania's socialist society that created a special environment for cultural production and for politicking around the matter of national identity. This discussion has taken them into the company of several overlapping sets of intellectuals as they strove to define cultural values. In this process, different groups advocated standards of value that were deeply held and that were in conflict. One way of describing their conflict is to see the process as occurring in a differentiated social space whose coordinates were political status and cultural authority. Some conversion was possible between these two dimensions, but there was a systemic tendency for the political dimension to engulf the cultural one.
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