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Rich Forests, Poor PeopleResource Control and Resistance in Java$
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Nancy Lee Peluso

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780520073777

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520073777.001.0001

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Structures of Access Control, Repertoires of Resistance

Structures of Access Control, Repertoires of Resistance

(p.3) One Structures of Access Control, Repertoires of Resistance
Rich Forests, Poor People

Nancy Lee Peluso

University of California Press

This chapter presents a theoretical framework for the confrontation between state and peasant interests in the forest, exploring the ideology, or “culture,” of state authority and legitimacy (in managing forest resources) as an outgrowth of political-economic strategy and structures originating in Europe. The nature of rural people's responses to state policies that restrict forest access derives from local sociocultural and political-economic circumstances, including local interpretations of the cultures and mechanisms of resource control. Both forest-based peasants and the state have constructed ideologies intended to justify their own rights to control forest access. Each side resists structural changes or concepts of management that would confer legitimacy on the other. At a broad level, the dynamics of state forest management and local forest use are constrained by the layered structures of resource control and access, and contemporary repertoires of resistance. Outcomes—in terms of the ability of the center or the periphery to control the forest—vary according to historical period and geographical location. The final section of the chapter describes the contemporary setting of the forests where this study of forest-based conflict began.

Keywords:   Java, foresters, forest villagers, forest access rights, Indonesia, forestry policies, state authority

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