This chapter looks at judgeship. It further develops the ideal of presence as it relates to shari'a court processes and to governmental practice under the imams. The vocabulary of zulm is precisely that utilized in shakwas. Proper conduct of the muwajaha style of government depended on the elimination and avoidance of barriers between ruler and ruled. A judge's personal knowledge of particular people and their affairs constituted an important and recognized basis for judicial action. A judge had to concern himself mainly with 'urf that was relevant to the applied shari'a. For judges as for ruling imams, the basic public muwajaha, the open court encounter, implicitly required the acquisition of a spectrum of informal knowledge. A further assessment of changes and continuities in the shari'a courts must take account of innovations introduced in the Ottoman period.
California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.