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The Calligraphic StateTextual Domination and History in a Muslim Society$
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Brinkley Messick

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780520076051

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520076051.001.0001

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The New Method

The New Method

(p.99) Chapter 5 The New Method
The Calligraphic State

Brinkley Messick

University of California Press

This chapter presents a contemporary Yemeni skit that looks back at the old Quranic school. It then reviews the late-nineteenth-century appearance and later imamic hybridization of “new method” schools. The Ottoman educational program marked the local advent of revolutionary new ideas concerning the nature of schooling and appropriate subjects for study. The features of madrasa 'ilmiyya are provided. Instruction was an essential policy area in the imam's shari'a style of politics in two distinct ways: one concerned madhhab control of the formation of jurists at the highest levels, which the new madrasa 'ilmiyya ensured; another was the perennially felt duty to push back the frontiers of ignorance by sending teachers out to rural districts to provide basic instruction. The alteration of the Great Mosque program in Ibb was associated with a local reorganization of the endowments system in the late 1940s and 1950s.

Keywords:   new method, Quranic school, Ottoman educational program, madrasa 'ilmiyya, shari'a, politics, imam, madhhab

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