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War and Society in Ancient Mesoamerica$
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Ross Hassig

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780520077348

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520077348.001.0001

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The Impact Beyond the Empire

The Impact Beyond the Empire

Chapter:
(p.62) Chapter 5 The Impact Beyond the Empire
Source:
War and Society in Ancient Mesoamerica
Author(s):

Ross Hassig

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520077348.003.0005

Teotihuacan did not overthrow other empires, but dominated largely in the absence of other significant Mesoamerican powers. Teotihuacan exercised power and honed its military skills locally, but expanded in a partial political vacuum and its fate depended as much on its own actions as on what others did. Teotihuacan did not conquer Monte Alban in the Valley of Oaxaca and the lowland Maya cities. Teotihuacan did not conquer Monte Alban, probably because of the difficulty of doing so rather than any disinclination. Teotihuacan had a larger army, although logistical constraints doubtless kept its army from enjoying numerical superiority in the Valley of Oaxaca. Teotihuacan's expansion simply reached the limits feasible under existing conditions: it was not thwarted by superior powers. Some groups it encountered were doubtless locally powerful, especially Monte Alban, aided as it was by its geographical setting, but these local powers were (probably) all aristocratic.

Keywords:   Teotihuacan, Mesoamerican powers, Monte Alban, lowland Maya cities, Valley of Oaxaca

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