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War and Society in Ancient Mesoamerica$
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Ross Hassig

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780520077348

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520077348.001.0001

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The Fall of Teotihuacan and Its Aftermath

The Fall of Teotihuacan and Its Aftermath

(p.82) Chapter 6 The Fall of Teotihuacan and Its Aftermath
War and Society in Ancient Mesoamerica

Ross Hassig

University of California Press

Significant changes took place in Teotihuacan's military, affecting armaments, organization, and tactics. Teotihuacan's trade and colonial network show a progressive withdrawal on all fronts that generally reversed the sequence of its initial expansion. The city was not in an obvious state of decline when it was destroyed. The sketchy data available suggest that Teotihuacan fell of its own weight. It had dominated vast stretches of Mesoamerica but was incapable of militarily incorporating every independent city into a Teotihuacan empire. Teotihuacan's withdrawal and demise signaled a major shakeup of relations throughout Mesoamerica and affected all the societies with which it had contact. The power and position of rulers of independent polities, such as Monte Alban and Tikal, had grown stronger because of their access to Teotihuacan and Teotihuacan-traded goods. Once Teotihuacan withdrew, the wealth and prestige of local elites fell and their capitals declined.

Keywords:   Teotihuacan, trade, colonial, Mesoamerica, military, Monte Alban, Tikal

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