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Exits from the LabyrinthCulture and Ideology in the Mexican National Space$
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Claudio Lomnitz-Adler

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780520077881

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520077881.001.0001

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Racial Ideology and Forms of Nationalism

Racial Ideology and Forms of Nationalism

Chapter:
(p.261) 16 Racial Ideology and Forms of Nationalism
Source:
Exits from the Labyrinth
Author(s):

Claudio Lomnitz-Adler

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520077881.003.0017

This chapter examines how and why colonial ideology emerged. It addresses the race and caste in the colonial (prenational) period. The evolution of hierarchy and individualism is discussed. Spanish ideology recognized an Indian society but denied a slave society. Furthermore, it argues that the specific dynamics of caste instability in New Spain explain much of the post-independence attitudes toward race and, as a result, they also help in understanding the ways in which the national community was ideologically constituted. The implantation of liberalism as the official ideology had the net effect of discarding certain aspects of the colonial racial ideology while it built on others. The rise of liberalism in a society that had been built upon the Spanish hierarchical model gave rise to a particular form of discrimination against Indians and a particularly flagrant valorization of whiteness. The ideology of the Revolution had mestizo nationalism at its core.

Keywords:   colonial ideology, nationalism, race, caste, Indian society, Spanish ideology, liberalism, Revolution

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