This chapter explains that Via Appia was designed to connect Rome and Capua at a time when Campania began to form a unified political entity with Rome. It shows that the Appian Way was the first of the great Roman roads named not for its function or after the place to which it led, but for the magistrate who built it. The chapter notes that the route of Via Appia is uncompromisingly straight, except for occasional deviations caused for the most part by unavoidable features of the topography. It explains that another dominant feature of the suburban landscape is the tomb, whose location depended on several factors, and provides descriptions of the Porta Capena, the Tomb of Scipios, and the Frattocchie.
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