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Rome and EnvironsAn Archaeological Guide$
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Filippo Coarelli

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520079601

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520079601.001.0001

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Western Environs

Western Environs

Viae Aurelia, Campana, Ostiensis

(p.437) Western Environs
Rome and Environs

Filippo Coarelli

University of California Press

Via Aurelia, probably founded by C. Aurelius Cotta, the consul of 241 bc, connected Rome with maritime Etruria and later with Liguria and Provence. Via Campana, so called after the Campus Saliniensis, was certainly the oldest road that run southwest and was intended to connect the city with the sea. It connected with the Forum Boarium and the salt warehouse close to Porta Trigemina. Via Camapana followed the meandering valley of the Tiber in all its twists and turns. When Rome's major port was Ostia, the transport road must have followed the left bank. Two roads whose courses were shorter and straighter—Via Ostiensis and Via Portuensis—both of which began at the gates of the Aurelian wall bearing the names of their respective roads, connected Rome directly with Ostia and Portus.

Keywords:   Via Aurelia, C. Aurelius Cotta, Via Campana, Campus Saliniensis, Ostia, Via Ostiensis, Via Portuensis, Aurelian wall

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