Based on literary sources, the construction of Rome's earliest walls was attributed to the city's penultimate king, Servius Tullius, although, according to some authors, work on this project may well have begun under his predecessor, Tarquinius Priscus. This chapter examines the reasons for building city walls. It also evaluates the construction techniques and materials used to build these walls. The chapter discusses the fortifications and restorations made for Rome's old city walls, and examines the fragments found from different places that may tell something about them. It provides detailed descriptions of the Servian and Aurelian Walls.
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