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Rome and EnvironsAn Archaeological Guide$
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Filippo Coarelli

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520079601

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520079601.001.0001

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Tivoli and the Tiburtine Territory

Tivoli and the Tiburtine Territory

Chapter:
(p.479) Tivoli and the Tiburtine Territory
Source:
Rome and Environs
Author(s):

Filippo Coarelli

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520079601.003.0020

This chapter notes that Tivoli enjoyed a strategic position on the route between the upper and lower Anio basin, a situation which made it the key to Latium Vetus for those traveling from the area corresponding to present-day Abruzzo. It explains that the foundation of Tivoli is attributed to Tiburnus, one of the three sons of the Argive hero Amphiaraos. The chapter shows that the Tiburtines were among the Latins who fought the Romans at Lake Regillus at the beginning of the fifth century bc, immediately after which Tivoli became part of the league dominated by Rome. It also discusses the streets and structures in the Tiburtine territory. When Tivoli became a municipium after the Social War, the praetors were replaced as magistrates by the quattuorviri, who assumed the function of censors every five years (quinquennales). The most important cult, that of Hercules Victor, gave rise to a collegium of Herculanei.

Keywords:   Tivoli, Latium Vetus, Amphiaraos, Tiburnus, Tiburtines, municipium, social war, quattuorviri, quinquennales, Hercules Victor

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