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Rome and EnvironsAn Archaeological Guide$
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Filippo Coarelli

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520079601

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520079601.001.0001

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The Alban Hills and Praeneste

The Alban Hills and Praeneste

(p.499) The Alban Hills and Praeneste
Rome and Environs

Filippo Coarelli

University of California Press

This chapter describes the massif of the Alban Hills as consisting of a group of volcanic craters. It explains that the prevalence of necropolises in the western belt of the hills confirms that the dominant center, Alba Longa, occupied the area which corresponds to Castelgandolfo. The chapter notes that although the disappearance of Alba Longa at an early stage favored the growth of certain other cities, the ancient city left traces, especially of religion. It also notes that the Praeneste lies 23 miles east of Rome on Via Praenestina. The chapter shows that the territory of Praeneste must have largely coincided with that of the medieval diocese, thus enclosing an area of about 250 square kilometers. It explains that the free city was governed until its transformation into a municipium. The chapter details that the principal divinity of Praeneste was Fortuna Primigenia, whose sanctuary was among the most important in Latium.

Keywords:   Alban Hills, Praeneste, Castelgandolfo, Alba Longa, Via Praenestina, Fortuna Primigenia, religion

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