This chapter describes the Palatine as the hill best suited for human settlement, and as one which lies at the heart of the system of hills that in time became the city of Rome. It notes that the most important development in the Palatine's history was Augustus's choice to reside there, where he was born, at first in the house of Hortensius, which he later enlarged by adding other nearby houses. The chapter explains that further excavations led to the unearthing of the house of Augustus on the southwestern corner of the hill. It explains that the name Palatium (Palatine) thus came to stand for the Imperial “palace” par excellence and later became a common noun in all European languages. The chapter provides descriptions of both the Western and Eastern Sections of the Palatine, and enumerates some of the structures to be found in those areas.
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