This chapter discusses the three Augustan regions upon which the Caelian Hill was divided: the Caelimontium, the Porta Capena, and the Exquiliae. It explains that the hill's oldest name, Mons Querqutulanus (Oak Mountain), was replaced with the current name after the occupation by Caelius Vibenna, one of the two brothers from Vulci who were associates of Mastarna, the future Servius Tullius. The chapter provides descriptions of the Temple of Divus Claidius, the area between S. Gregorio and Villa Celimontana, the House of SS. Giovanni E Paolo, the Arch of Dolabella and the area around S. Maria in Domnica, the Lateran, and the Tombs of the Caelian.
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