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Plant Diversity of an Andean Cloud ForestInventory of the Vascular Flora of Maquipucuna, Ecuador$
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Grady Webster

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780520098305

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520098305.001.0001

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Vegetation

Vegetation

Chapter:
(p.4) Vegetation
Source:
Plant Diversity of an Andean Cloud Forest
Author(s):

Grady L. Webster

Robert M. Rhode

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520098305.003.0003

The vegetation of Maquipucuna is prevailingly evergreen rain forest of considerable complexity. The cloud forest in the reserve includes both lower montane rain forest and upper montane rain forest. The Maquipucuna lower montane cloud forest has a high diversity of tall straight trees up to 25–35m high, many epiphytic ferns, bromeliads, orchids, tree ferns, palms, and festoons of bryophytes on the branches and logs. Above 2,000m, the forest becomes progressively smaller in stature and mossier; from 2,400 to 2,800m it is designated as upper montane cloud forest, which contains many genera in common with the lower montane forest, but also includes temperate elements such as Cornus, Coriaria, Escallonia, Hydrangea, and Viburnum.

Keywords:   vegetation, Maquipucuna, cloud forest, rain forest, montane

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