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Changing FortunesBiodiversity and Peasant Livelihood in the Peruvian Andes$

Karl Zimmerer

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780520203037

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520203037.001.0001

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(p.240) Appendix D Production Techniques and Farm Spaces in Paucartambo

(p.240) Appendix D Production Techniques and Farm Spaces in Paucartambo

Source:
Changing Fortunes
Publisher:
University of California Press

Appendix D.1 Techniques for the Storage of Tuber and Seed Crops

Crop

Semiarid Climate (Southern Paucartambo and Quencomayo Valley)

Humid Climate (Northern Paucartambo Valley)

Potatoes and Ulluco

straw cylinders (taqe) straw-bed piles

elevated bin (troje) straw-bed piles

Maize

straw cylinders (taqe)

bamboo platforms (marka)

(p.241)

Appendix D.2 The Apportionment of Yield from the Diverse Crops1

Crop

Number of Fields Studied

Subs. only

Subs.- Seed

Comm. only

Comm.- Seed

Subs.- Comm.

Subs.- Comm.-Sd.

Floury

30

2

23

1

1

3

Potatoes

(7%)

(78%)

(3%)

(3%)

(9%)

  One

5

1

1

1

2

Cultivar

(20%)

(20%)

(20%)

(40%)

Multiple

25

2

23

Cultivars

(8%)

(92%)

Maize

61

6

10

45

(10%)

(16%)

(74%)

  One

12

12

Cultiva

(100%)

Multiple

49

6

10

33

Cultivars

(12%)

(20%)

(68%)

Ulluco

33

2

15

2

2

4

8

(6%)

(45%)

(6%)

(6%)

(12%)

(24%)

  One

14

2

2

4

6

Cultivar

(14%)

(14%)

(28%)

(43%)

Multiple

19

2

15

2

Cultivars

(11%)

(79%)

(11%)

Quinoa

22

0

12

1

9

(55%)

(5%)

(41%)

Multiple

22

0

12

0

1

9

Cultivars

(55%)

(5%)

(41%)

Total

146

14

46

2

12

8

52

(10%)

(31%)

(1%)

(8%)

(5%)

(36%)

(1.) Abbreviations stand for the uses of yield from the diverse crops. “Subs.” abbreviates subsistence, “Comm.” is an abbreviation for commerce, and “Sd.” stands for seed.

(p.242)

Appendix D.3 Range in the Elevation of Production Spaces in Paucartambo

Production Space

Semiarid Climate Southern Paucartambo Valley and the Quencomayo Valley1

Subhumid Climate Middle Paucartambo Valley2

Humid Climate Northern Paucartambo Valley3

Valley

9,850–11,650 feet

9,190–11,150 feet

8,850–10,150 feet

(kheshwar)

(3,000–3,550 meters)

(2,800–3,400 meters)

(2,700–3,100 meters)

Oxen Area

9,850–12,800 feet

9,190–12,500 feet

8,850–11,150 feet

(yunlla)

(3,000–3,900 meters)

(2,800–3,800 meters)

(2,700–3,400 meters)

Early

9,850–12,100 feet

10,850–12,100 feet

8,850–10,850 feet

Planting (maway)

(3,100–3,700 meters)

(3,300–3,700 meters)

(2,700–3,300 meters)

Hill

12,470–13,450 feet

12,140–13,450 feet

not used

(loma)

(3,800–4,100 meters)

(3,700–4,100 meters)

(1.) Based on observations in the mid-1980s in the Peasant Communities of Mollomarca, Huaynapata, Payajana, Colquepata, Roquechiri, and Chocopía.

(2.) Based on observations in the mid-1980s in the Peasant Communities of Inquilpata, Majopata, and Jajahuana.

(3.) Based on observations in the mid-1980s in the Peasant Communities of Huaqanqa, Acobamba, Totora, and Pilco.

(p.243)

Appendix D.4 The Three Principal Maize Plantings

Early Planting Big Seed (hatun muhu)

Intermediate Planting Medium Seed (chawpi muhu)

Late Planting Small Seed (uch'uy muhu)

Planting Month

August

October

November

(Feast Day Marker)

Saint Rose of Lima Saint Mary the (Virgin de la Asención)

Mama Chanca Virgen del Rosario

All Saints' Day Saint Andrew

Harvest Date

June-july

May-June

May-June

(Associated Feast Day)

Saint John the Baptist

Saint Elena (Cruz Velacuy)

Corpus Christi

Main Elevation

8,850–9,850 feet

9,190–11,150 feet

9,850–11,650 feet

Range

2,700–3,000 meters

2,800–3,400 meters

3,000–3,550 meters

Ripening Time

9–12 months

6–8 months

5–7 months

Major Races

Huancavelicano Morocho Ancashino Paro

Chullpi Cusco Gigante Kulli Pisccoruntu San Geronimo

Confite Puntiagudo Cusco Cristalino Uchuquilla

Number of Landraces

6

10

11