The Crop on Hooves: Yankee Interests in Tropical Cattle Ranching
This chapter focuses on cattle ranching in tropical regions. It first looks at the introduction of domestic livestock into the United States by the Europeans, and how the Americans got started in the livestock industry. It then studies the cattle culture of Spain, and this is followed by a section on industrial capitalism in the rangelands. The beef packing industry, the Longhorn era—which permanently disrupted a great grassland ecosystem—the connection of the meat packers in Chicago with the Argentine pampas, and the new era of European cattle breeding during the early 1800s that produced hybrid cattle adapted for meat or for milk are discussed. The next section studies the American penetration of the Latin American cattle industry, as well as the transfer of American cattle across the Pacific, which led to cattle ranching in the Pacific. American colonial ranching in the Southern Philippines and the expansion of cattle ranching into the Latin American rainforest due to the steady increase of demand for beef, along with the interests of the Americans in rainforest ranching in Amazonia are discussed in the final portion of the chapter.
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