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TupaiA Field Study of Bornean Treeshrews$

Louise Emmons

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780520222915

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520222915.001.0001

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(p.232) Appendix II Fruit Species Collected at Danum Valley

(p.232) Appendix II Fruit Species Collected at Danum Valley

Source:
Tupai
Publisher:
University of California Press

Fruit species collected on the Danum Valley study area during 1990–91 on monthly fruit transects. Species identified and chiefly collected by Elaine Campbell Gasis. Cap = capsule.

Species

Form

Fruit L (mm)

Fruit W (mm)

Fruit Type

Alangiaceae

 

 

 

 

  Alangium ebenaceum

tree

2

1.5

drupe

  Alangium griffithii

tree

2.2

1.3

drupe

Anacardiaceae

 

 

 

 

  Buchanania sessilifolia

tree

0.8

0

drupe

Anonaceae

 

 

 

 

  Artabotrys roseus

liana

4

4

berry 2 seed

  Polyalthia cauliflora

tree

1.6

1.6

berry 2 seed

  Polyalthia rumphii

tree

1

0.8

berry 1 seed

  Polyalthia surnatrana

tree

2.8

1.2

berry 1 seed

  Polyalthia sp. B;

 

1

0.7

berry 1 seed

  Polyalthia sp. C

 

1

1

4–5 seeds

  Uvaria grandiflora

liana

2.7

1.2

 

  Uvaria javana

 

 

 

 

  Anonac. sp. A

 

2.9

2.4

multiple

  Anonac. sp. B ? seed only

 

 

 

Anonac. sp. C

 

 

 

 

Apocynaceae

 

 

 

 

  Willughbeia sp. A

liana

6

5.5

berry 10–20

  Wrightia sp. A

liana

 

 

 

Burseraceae

 

 

 

 

  Canarium decumanum

tree

5

4

drupe

  Canarhim denticulatum

tree

3

1.5

drupe

Celastraceae

 

 

 

  Kokoona reflexa

tree

 

 

 

  Celastrac. sp. B

 

17

3

pod

Combretaceae

 

 

 

 

  Combretum nigrescens

liana

3.5

2.5

4 wing

Connaraceae

 

 

 

 

  Agaelaea borneensis

liana

2

1

caps aril

Convolvulaceae

 

 

 

 

  Convoi, sp. A

liana

0.6

0.3

capsule

  Convoi, sp. B;

liana

1.6

0.8

capsule

  Convoi, sp. C

liana

2.8

1

  Convoi, sp. D

liana

 

 

 

Dilleniaceae

 

 

 

 

  Dillenia excelsa

tree

 

 

capsule

  Tetracera akara

liana

1

3

caps aril

Dipterocarpaceae

 

 

 

 

  Parasborea malaanonan

 

 

 

wing

  Sborea johorensis

 

 

 

wing

  Shorea leprosula

 

 

 

wing

  Sborea parvifolia

 

 

 

wing

  Shorea paucifolia

 

 

 

wing

Ebenaceae

 

 

 

  Diospyros macropbylla

tree

8.5

5.8

berry

  Diospyros sp. A

tree

1.1

1.2

 

  Diospyros sp. B

tree

 

 

 

Euphorbiaceae

 

 

 

 

  Antidesma neurocarpum

tree

0.8

0.6

berry?

  Antidesma sp. A

shrub?

 

 

 

  Aporusa acuminatissima

tree

4.5

3.5

berry

  Aporusa nitida

tree

4.5

3

schizocarp

  Baccaurea stipitata

tree

2

1.5

berry 2 seed

  Bridelia sp. A

tree

1.3

1.2

drupe

  Glochidion sp. A

tree

 

 

 

  Macaranga conifera

treelet

0.8

0.4

berry 2 seed

  Mailotus lackeyii

tree

0.6

0.4

berry?

  Mallotus sp. A

tree

1.5

1

cap 3loc

Mallotus sp. B

 

 

 

 

    Spath io stellioni

tree

1.6

1.6

cap 3loc

  Mallotus sp. C Spathio-

 

 

 

 

    stemon or cleistanthus

tree

1.4

0.8

cap 3loc

  Neoscortechinia forbesii

tree

3.5

2.3

schizocarp 4

Fagacae

 

 

 

 

  Castanopsis costata

tree

4

4

nut hard

  Castanopsis sp. D evansiì’i

tree

8

6

nut hard

  Castanopsis hypophoenicea

tree

9

7

nut hard

  Castanopsis sp. E

tree

4

3

nut

  Castanopsis sp. C

tree

3

2.3

seed only

  Lithocarpus ewyckii

tree

2

1.5

acorn

  Lithocarpus gracilis

tree

1.7

1.8

acorn

  Lithocarpus leptogyne

tree

2.5

2

acorn

  Lithocarpus sp. A

tree

1.5

2

acorn

  Lithocarpus sp. E

tree

2.2

1.8

acorn

Flacourtiaceae

 

 

 

 

  Flacourt. sp. A?

 

3.1

2.7

drupe

Gonystylaceae

 

 

 

 

  Gonystylus keithii

tree

 

 

 

Guttiferae

 

 

 

 

  Callophyllum sp. A

tree

 

 

 

  Garcinia forbesii

treelet

3.8

3

berrylike aril

  Garcinia parvifolia

tree

2.5

2.5

berrylike aril

Juglandaceae

 

 

 

 

  Engelhardia serrata

tree

4

0.8

wings nut

Lauraceae

 

 

 

 

  Litsea sp. A?

 

3

1.8

 

Lecythidaceae

 

 

 

 

  Barringtonia sarcostachys

 

 

 

 

  Barringtonia sp. A

 

 

 

 

Leeaceae

 

 

 

 

  Leea aculeata

tree

2

1

berry

Leguminosae

 

 

 

 

  Bauhinia sylvanii

liana

13.5

5

pod 2 seed

  Cesalpinia oppositifolia

Liana

8.5

4

pod 2 seed

  Dialium indum

tree

2.7

2

pod edible pulp

  F or dia splendidissima

tree

 

 

 

  Intsia palembanica

 

 

 

 

  Koompassia excelsa

tree

10

3.2

winged seed

  Mucuna bifurcata

liana

8

5

pod 2 seed

  Spatholobus sp. A

liana?

14.5

4

pod 1 seed

  Leg. sp. H

 

8

3.2

pod woody

  Leg. sp. K

 

 

 

 

Melastomataceae

 

 

 

 

  Medinila sp. A

epiphyte

0.6

0.6

berry

  Melastom. sp. A

 

 

 

 

Meliaceae

 

 

 

 

  Aglaia sp. A

tree

 

 

 

  Aglaia sp. B

tree

 

 

 

  Chistocheton ceramicus

treelet

3.2

2.5

loc arils

  Dysoxylon alliaceum

tree

3

2.5

locules

  Dysoxylon cyrtobotryum

tree

 

 

 

  Dysoxylon sp. B

tree

4

3.5

locules?

  Dysoxylon sp. C

tree

8.3

6

loc aril

  Dysoxylon sp. D

tree

 

 

 

  Walsura sp. A

tree

10

7

loc 2 seeds

  Meliac. sp. D

tree

6.8

6.5

loc 2 seeds

  Meliac. sp. E

 

4

3.8

 

  Meliac. sp. H

tree

 

 

 

  Meliac. sp. I

tree

 

 

 

Menispermaceae

 

 

 

 

  Stephania sp. A seed only

 

1.8

1.5

seeds only

  Stephania sp. औ seed only

 

3.7

1.8

seed only

Moraceae

 

 

 

 

  Artocarpus nitidus

 

 

 

 

  Ficus xylophylla

tall tree

1.2

1.1

synconium

  Ficus sp. A

 

2.5

1.8

synconium

  Ficus sp. औ

 

1.4

1.2

synconium

  Ficus sp. C

 

0.8

0.7

synconium

  Ficus sp. D

 

 

 

 

  Ficus sp. E

 

 

 

 

Myrsinaceae

 

 

 

 

  Ardisia macrophylla

treelet

1.8

1

drupe

Myrtaceae

 

 

 

 

  Eugenia cerasiformis

tree

1.8

0.7

drupe

  Eugenia fastigata

tree

1.9

1.5

drupe

  Eugenia lineata

tree

0

0

drupe

  Eugenia sp. A

 

2.2

1.5

drupe

  Eugenia sp. B

 

 

 

 

Eugenia sp. C

 

 

 

 

Eugenia sp. D

 

 

 

 

Olacacae

 

 

 

 

  Scorodocarpus

tree

5

3

drupe

    borneensis

 

 

 

 

Palmae

 

 

 

 

  Rattan sp. A

liana

1.4

0.7

 

Passifloraceae

 

 

 

 

  Adenia macrophylla

liana

6.5

3.5

caps aril

Proteaceae

 

 

 

 

  Helicia robusta

tree

4.3

5

berry 3–4 nuts

Rhamnaceae

 

 

 

 

  Zizyphus borneensis

tree

2.7

2.2

drupe

Rubiaceae

 

 

 

 

  Uncaria sp. A

liana

4.5

0.3

pod achene

  Urophyllum glabrum

liana

 

 

drupe

Rutaceae

 

 

 

 

  Luvunga sp. A

liana

1.7

0.7

drupe

Sapindaceae

 

 

 

drupe

  Dimocarpus longan

tree

1.5

1.5

  Nephelium maingayi

tree

3.5

2.5

drupe

  Nephelium rambutan-ake

tree

5

4.5

drupe

  Paranephelium

 

 

 

berry 3 loc

    xestophyllum

tree

4

3

  Pometia pinnata

tree

 

 

 

Sapotaceae

 

 

 

 

  payena acuminata

treelet

3

0.8

drupe

Saxifragaceae

 

 

 

 

  Polysoma integrifolia

 

2.2

1

drupe

Solanaceae

 

 

 

 

  Solanum incanum

epiphyte

1.5

1.5

berry

Sterculeaceae

 

 

 

  Pterospermum stapftanum

treelet

5.5

1.5

pod wing seed

Tiliaceae

 

 

 

 

  Microcos antidesmifolia

tree

1.8

1.8

drupe

  Microcos reticulata

tree

3

1.5

drupe

  Pentace laxiflora

tree

1.7

1.2

5 wings

Urticaceae

 

 

 

 

  Poikilospermum sp. A

epiphyte

6

6

aggregate

Verbenaceae

 

 

 

 

  Callicarpa longifolia

shrub

 

 

 

  Congea tomentosa

liana

 

 

 

Vitaceae

 

 

 

 

  Parthenocissus sp. A

liana

1.8

2

berry

  Tetrastigma trifoliatum

liana

1.3

0.8

berry

Zingiberaceae

 

 

 

 

  Globba pendula

 

 

 

 

(p.233) (p.234) (p.235) (p.236)