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A Nation of EmpireThe Ottoman Legacy of Turkish Modernity$
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Michael Meeker

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520225268

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520225268.001.0001

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Aghas and Hodjas

(p.251) 8 Scandal
A Nation of Empire

Michael E. Meeker

University of California Press

This chapter studies how the consular assessment of the local elites was later adopted by higher Ottoman officials as they implemented a westernist theory of centralized bureaucratic government. As a result, both officials and consuls during the late nineteenth century were continually surprised to find that the local elites were able to manipulate, and even challenge, the central government at the local level.

Keywords:   consular assessment, Ottoman officials, westernist theory, centralized bureaucratic government, central government, local level

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