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Crusading PeaceChristendom, the Muslim World, and Western Political Order$
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Tomaz Mastnak

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520226357

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520226357.001.0001

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The Holy Manner of Warfare

The Holy Manner of Warfare

Chapter:
(p.55) Two The Holy Manner of Warfare
Source:
Crusading Peace
Author(s):

Tomaž Mastnak

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520226357.003.0002

This chapter explains the difference between holy war and crusade. A key feature of the great social transformation of the eleventh century has been termed as entry into the new world. The reformed church had recognized the military profession, and Christian arm bearers found an employment pleasing to god. Holy war in its broadest sense is war conceived of as a military action directly related to religion, and it predates not only crusades but Christianity as well. Christendom was a community of powers and nations united by their shared religion. Christendom and crusade came into existence together, and Christendom began to show recognizable traits in the peace of god and truce of god endeavors. The representation of crusades as a response of Latin Christians to jihad has been rejected, and the two are strictly not comparable. As a war in the service of the church, the crusade was a theocratic rather than a theological war. Not every holy war is a crusade.

Keywords:   holy war, crusade, social transformation, church, Christendom

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