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A Critical History of Early RomeFrom Prehistory to the First Punic War$
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Gary Forsythe and John Connelly

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520226517

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520226517.001.0001

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The Beginning of the Roman Republic

The Beginning of the Roman Republic

Chapter:
(p.147) Chapter 6 The Beginning of the Roman Republic
Source:
A Critical History of Early Rome
Author(s):

Gary Forsythe

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520226517.003.0007

This chapter provides a discussion on the beginning of the Roman Republic. It is shown that the Roman chronology is basically accurate for the beginning of the republic and the Gallic occupation of Rome. The difference between patricians and plebeians within the Roman ruling class is discussed. Various aspects of the plebeian tribunate indicate that the office was urban and civilian, whereas the original nature of the consulship seems to have been extra-urban and military. It is noted that in later times there existed in popular tradition the recollection of a Roman military reversal at the Cremera during the early years of the republic, but apart from this single fact nothing was securely known about it. Even before the discovery of the Lapis Satricanus, the Fabian defeat at the Cremera was regarded by many scholars as belonging to an early stage in Roman social development.

Keywords:   Roman Republic, Roman chronology, patricians, plebeian tribunate, consulship, Lapis Satricanus, Cremera

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