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A Critical History of Early RomeFrom Prehistory to the First Punic War$
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Gary Forsythe and John Connelly

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520226517

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520226517.001.0001

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Rome of the Twelve Tables

Rome of the Twelve Tables

Chapter:
(p.201) Chapter 7 Rome of the Twelve Tables
Source:
A Critical History of Early Rome
Author(s):

Gary Forsythe

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520226517.003.0008

Rome's Law of the Twelve Tables is to be viewed as an important step in state formation. The trial of K. Quinctius is most likely fictitious and has probably been historicized from a document that specified the legal procedure of taking vadimonium for tribunician prosecutions before the people. Appius Herdonius and Quinctius Cincinnatus, as well as the facts and fictions of the plebeian tribute are discussed. It may be postulated that jurisdiction was the responsibility of the pontiffs, and that pontifical jurisdiction was eventually supplanted during the later fifth century B.C. by curule jurisdiction. It may further be surmised that the Law of the Twelve Tables played a pivotal role in this process. The prohibition of intermarriage is reported. The analysis reveals much about the working methods of the ancient historians and likewise demonstrates that relatively little authentic historical evidence from the mid-fifth century B.C. succeeded in reaching later historical times.

Keywords:   Rome, Law of the Twelve Tables, K. Quinctius, Appius Herdonius, Quinctius Cincinnatus, intermarriage, plebeian tribute, jurisdiction

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