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Translating PropertyThe Maxwell Land Grant and the Conflict over Land in the American West, 1840-1900$
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Maria Montoya

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520227446

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520227446.001.0001

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Contested Boundaries

Contested Boundaries

Chapter:
1 Contested Boundaries
Source:
Translating Property
Author(s):

MaríA E. Montoya

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520227446.003.0002

The Jicarilla Apaches were to set foot on what would become known as the Maxwell Land Grant; people told stories, and boundary markers were rooted in the particular culture of the group inhabiting the land. The Jicarillas, in particular, marked their territory by the natural boundaries of the four rivers that surrounded their homeland. Consecutively, the Spanish explorers gave natural features (rivers, mountains, springs) Spanish Catholic labels to mark their possession. The Mexican government, through its grantees Carlos Beaubien and Guadalupe Miranda, used maps and seasons to mark the land grant that they and their contemporaries knew as the Beaubien/Miranda Land Grant. Past histories of the Maxwell Land Grant have naturally focused on the traditional American Western narrative of Anglo male-dominated violence. But these physical and most obvious manifestations of conflict have overshadowed the real underlying tension present on the grant since earliest occupation: the contest over land and property rights.

Keywords:   Jicarillas, Spanish, Guadalupe Miranda, Mexican government, land grant

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