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The Silk Weavers of KyotoFamily and Work in a Changing Traditional Industry$
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Tamara Hareven

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520228177

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520228177.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use (for details see http://california.universitypressscholarship.com/page/535/privacy-policy-and-legal-notice).date: 20 January 2018

A World within a World

A World within a World

Chapter:
(p.25) chapter 2 A World within a World
Source:
The Silk Weavers of Kyoto
Author(s):

Tamara K. Hareven

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520228177.003.0002

Nishijin cloth is considered informally a cultural property of Japan. The introduction of the jacquard, followed by the spread of the powerloom, revitalized Nishijin's industry and made it supreme in Japan. Following its recovery after the Korean War, Nishijin enjoyed a decade of prosperity until dwindling markets, resulting from the Oil Shock of the early 1970s, caused its continuing decline. The manufacturers have continued to maintain family businesses, but the larger family concerns have been incorporated into companies. Nishijin's system of production underwent several transformations in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, following the introduction of the jacquard mechanism and the powerloom. Nishijin's decline has undermined the weavers' security more dramatically than that of the manufacturers. Many older people who have lived through recessions in Nishijin view the current one as the most serious and irreversible in their experience.

Keywords:   Nishijin, family businesses, powerloom, jacquard, Oil Shock, manufacturers, weavers

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