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The Silk Weavers of KyotoFamily and Work in a Changing Traditional Industry$
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Tamara Hareven

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520228177

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520228177.001.0001

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Family Business, Cottage Industry

Family Business, Cottage Industry

(p.51) chapter 3 Family Business, Cottage Industry
The Silk Weavers of Kyoto

Tamara K. Hareven

University of California Press

This chapter describes how the most significant change was in the emergence of the household production system. The collective family character of Nishijin weaving, especially its predominance as a cottage industry, had serious implications for marriage and the relations between the generations. The family-based cottage industry has emerged as the characteristic system of Nishijin since the beginning of the twentieth century. This industry was accompanied by the expansion of the weaving district into new, previously unsettled neighborhoods. Chinbata households recruited rural migrants to Kyoto and absorbed them into an urban industry. In the 1960s, chinbata occupied about 60 percent of the entire Nishijin labor force. The chinbata and the manufacturers for whom they worked used modern technology to develop and consolidate a household industry that utilized progressively modern machinery for the making of a highly traditional product.

Keywords:   Nishijin weaving, family business, cottage industry, chinbata, households, labor force

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