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Gender in Amazonia and MelanesiaAn Exploration of the Comparative Method$
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Thomas Gregor and Donald Tuzin

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780520228511

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520228511.001.0001

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Comparing Gender in Amazonia and Melanesia: A Theoretical Orientation

Comparing Gender in Amazonia and Melanesia: A Theoretical Orientation

Chapter:
(p.1) One Comparing Gender in Amazonia and Melanesia: A Theoretical Orientation
Source:
Gender in Amazonia and Melanesia
Author(s):

Thomas A. Gregor

Donald Tuzin

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520228511.003.0001

This chapter explores the sources and theoretical implications of remarkable similarities between societies in Amazonia and Melanesia, a comparison which combines the universalist and localist traditions and is the base of anthropological studies. It establishes a common discourse among scholars working with different cultures, stimulates new perspectives on findings from particular cultures, and allows searching for general principles. The chapter suggests that gender is of great importance in the context of many of the small-scale cultures of Melanesia and Amazonia, i.e. the societies of Amazonia and Melanesia are gender inflected. Further, in both Amazonia and Melanesia, the self-concept, social identity, and the anatomy and physiology of the human body are intertwined with theories of conception, maturation, depletion, and death. The comparison also indicates the basis of procreative symbolism in both the cultures. This comparison affords an exceptional opportunity to explore fundamental questions about the conceptualization and examination of the human condition.

Keywords:   Amazonia, Melanesia, gender, procreative symbolism, cultures, anthropological studies

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