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The Spanish RedemptionHeritage, Power, and Loss on New Mexico's Upper Rio Grande$
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Charles Montgomery

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520229716

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520229716.001.0001

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Hispano Fortunes in New Mexico, 1598–1900

Hispano Fortunes in New Mexico, 1598–1900

Chapter:
(p.20) Chapter 1 Hispano Fortunes in New Mexico, 1598–1900
Source:
The Spanish Redemption
Author(s):

Charles Montgomery

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520229716.003.0002

This chapter provides the mix of Hispano gains and losses that made the revival possible, exploring the evolution of Spanish-speaking society. The tale of Cleofas Jaramillo takes its place in the larger history of Hispano society on the upper Rio Grande, a history of flowering and decline that gave rise to the Spanish revival. As a symbol of hybridity, genízaros played a crucial role in defining social differences. Representing the lowest and most dishonorable stratum of colonial society, genízaros stood in counterpoint to españoles, the people of highest status. The account highlights dimensions of material change: the rewards and losses associated with struggles over land and commerce. It then addresses the problem of race in order to complete the story, and to begin describing the making of a modern Spanish heritage.

Keywords:   Hispano society, Spanish heritage, Rio Grande, Cleofas Jaramillo, genízaros, Spanish revival

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