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The Spanish RedemptionHeritage, Power, and Loss on New Mexico's Upper Rio Grande$
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Charles Montgomery

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520229716

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520229716.001.0001

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The Race Issue and the “Spanish-American” in Party Politics, 1900–1920

The Race Issue and the “Spanish-American” in Party Politics, 1900–1920

Chapter:
(p.54) Chapter 2 The Race Issue and the “Spanish-American” in Party Politics, 1900–1920
Source:
The Spanish Redemption
Author(s):

Charles Montgomery

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520229716.003.0003

This chapter addresses the rise of Spanish colonial imagery in party politics. The relatively low incidence of racial violence and the tendency to change the subject were both characteristic of New Mexico's so-called race issue. In a period of heightening racial tension, “Spanish-American” and Hispano-Americano offered both groups the rhetorical means to express their separate interests, yet only in a social and political context increasingly controlled by Anglos. Shifts in wealth and political power explain why Anglos drew racial distinctions in the first place. New Mexico's modern Spanish heritage arose in a conservative political climate, a climate wholly congenial to the rhetorical transformation of benighted “Mexicans” into the civilized, if still humble, bearers of a distinctive Spanish colonial inheritance.

Keywords:   race issue, colonial inheritance, party politics, Spanish-American, New Mexico, Hispano-Americano, wealth, political power

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