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Empire at the MarginsCulture, Ethnicity, and Frontier in Early Modern China$
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Pamela KyleCrossley

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520230156

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520230156.001.0001

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Ethnicity and the Miao Frontier in the Eighteenth Century

Ethnicity and the Miao Frontier in the Eighteenth Century

Chapter:
(p.190) 7 Ethnicity and the Miao Frontier in the Eighteenth Century
Source:
Empire at the Margins
Author(s):

Donald S. Sutton

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520230156.003.0008

When the Miao of the west Hunan/Guizhou border rose in revolt in 1795, the long decline of the Qing dynasty had already begun. The outsiders intruding in the early eighteenth century fell into three categories: the frontier officials, who responded to local problems with limited resources; the several thousand soldiers brought in to man the new camps and cities; and tens of thousands of unregistered Han settlers, arriving intermittently as lone males from the more heavily populated areas to the west. To explore these tensions and changes, this chapter focuses on the contending views of officials who introduced and managed the flawed system. It centers on the clash between policies of quarantine and acculturation in the Miao frontier under the Yongzheng and Qianlong emperors, with emphasis on the impact of such policies on local society.

Keywords:   Qing dynasty, revolt, quarantine policy, Miao frontier, Yongzheng, Qianlong emperors

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