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Livable Cities?Urban Struggles for Livelihood and Sustainability$
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Peter Evans

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520230248

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520230248.001.0001

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Urban Poverty and the Environment: Social Capital and State-Community Synergy in Seoul and Bangkok

Urban Poverty and the Environment: Social Capital and State-Community Synergy in Seoul and Bangkok

Chapter:
(p.31) 2 Urban Poverty and the Environment: Social Capital and State-Community Synergy in Seoul and Bangkok
Source:
Livable Cities?
Author(s):

Mike Douglass

Orathai Ard-Am

Ik Ki Kim

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520230248.003.0002

This chapter contrasts the strategies used to improve environmental conditions in two low-income communities in two different urban contexts: the Wolgoksa-dong squatter community in Seoul, Korea, and the Wat Chonglom slum community in Bangkok, Thailand. In each case, the analysis moves from the level of the household and gender relations, through the level of community organization and leadership, to the linkages and conflicts that each community has to translocal organizations and the state. The comparisons suggest that the Wat Chonglom community was much better positioned than Wolgoksa-dong — and the vast majority of other slum communities in Bangkok — to expand its social capital and use it in the pursuit of livability. Both communities have shown, over the past decades, an admirable vitality and resilience in the face of highly adverse political and economic forces.

Keywords:   Wolgoksa-dong, Wat Chonglom, Seoul, Bangkok, household, gender relations, community organization, social capital, environmental conditions, state-community synergy

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