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American EmpireRoosevelt's Geographer and the Prelude to Globalization$
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Neil Smith

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520230279

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520230279.001.0001

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Frustrated Globalism, Compromise Geographies: Designing the United Nations

Frustrated Globalism, Compromise Geographies: Designing the United Nations

(p.374) 14 Frustrated Globalism, Compromise Geographies: Designing the United Nations
American Empire

Neil Smith

University of California Press

This chapter discusses the designing and founding of the United Nations. The main problem that U.S. postwar planners faced was how to design a global organization that followed democratic principles and recognized certain universal rights. The discussion looks at the postgeographic ambition of Theodore Roosevelt's new world order and the way the UN was intended to place international diplomacy beyond national differences and geography. It studies regionalism and globalism, and shows that the State Department lacked serious knowledge on Soviet thinking. Other topics covered in the chapter are the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, the “regionalism crisis”, and the activities of the UN until it became an instrument of U.S. foreign policy during the 1990s.

Keywords:   United Nations, postwar planners, global organization, new world order, regionalism, globalism, international diplomacy, Dumbarton Oaks Conference

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