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Republican BeijingThe City and Its Histories$
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Madeleine YueDong and Reginald E. Zelnik

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520230507

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520230507.001.0001

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From Imperial Capital to Republican City

From Imperial Capital to Republican City

Chapter:
(p.20) (p.21) Chapter 1 From Imperial Capital to Republican City
Source:
Republican Beijing
Author(s):

Madeleine Yue Dong

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520230507.003.0002

This chapter relates the story of Republican Beijing's modernization, focusing especially on changes in the city's basic spatial plan and administrative system. It explains that the foundation of Beijing was laid during the Yuan dynasty, and that when the Republic was established in 1912, Beijing had to redefine its raison d'être and the principles underlying its organization as a city. The chapter highlights the republican government's belief that the physical evidences of Beijing's imperial past were obstacles to modernization and had to be removed. Some of the changes included the adjustment in the relationship between the demands of urban development and the creation of a new spatial order, and the change in the relationship between the city and the countryside.

Keywords:   Republican Beijing, modernization, administrative system, imperial past, urban development, spatial order, countryside

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