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Sites of ViolenceGender and Conflict Zones$
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Wenona Giles

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780520230729

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520230729.001.0001

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War, Flight, and Exile

War, Flight, and Exile

Gendered Violence among Refugee Women from Post-Yugoslav States

Chapter:
(p.249) 12 War, Flight, and Exile
Source:
Sites of Violence
Author(s):

Maja Korac

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520230729.003.0012

This chapter considers the “logic” of the exclusionary politics of ethnic nationalism in the region and the social and political implications of women's forced migration. It evaluates the changes in the roles and social relations of refugee women caused by the gendered violence of war, flight, and exile. The negotiation between women's role as mothers, their love and care for their sons, and their socially constructed role as “Mothers of the Nation” is a recurring theme in the interviews. The data suggest that women of higher socioeconomic status and of ethnically mixed background commonly have a better chance of choosing between their love for their children and their patriotism. It shows that radical changes in gender roles and responsibilities, in conjunction with a constant fear for family members who remain in war zones, contribute to women's difficulties in developing appropriate and successful survival strategies.

Keywords:   war, forced migration, exile, gendered violence, refugee women, post-Yugoslav states, ethnic nationalism

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