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Sites of ViolenceGender and Conflict Zones$
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Wenona Giles

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780520230729

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520230729.001.0001

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The Gendered Impact of Multilateralism in the Post-Yugoslav States

The Gendered Impact of Multilateralism in the Post-Yugoslav States

Intervention, Reconstruction, and Globalization

Chapter:
(p.273) 13 The Gendered Impact of Multilateralism in the Post-Yugoslav States
Source:
Sites of Violence
Author(s):

Edith Klein

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520230729.003.0013

This chapter describes the multilateral intervention of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the interethnic conflict in Kosova/o, marked by the launch of an escalating military action and bombardments of strategic sites in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Kosova/o. It starts with a much-needed discussion of the gender politics of NATO by focusing on how multilateral militarism is taking place in a context of a globalizing world economy and within highly militarized (unelected) international organizations. Humanitarian motives and democratizing goals were not the primary force animating participants in reconstruction. The coercive constitutionalism practiced by international bodies such as the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) may in fact be a contractual agreement for a protectorate, creating a state that serves no purpose except to maintain a holding pattern suited to the “protector.” The recent dramatic increase in militarized civil conflicts reflects several trends — often contradictory — in social and political organization.

Keywords:   North Atlantic Treaty Organization, gender politics, military action, Yugoslavia, Kosova, world economy, humanitarian, globalization

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