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CactiBiology and Uses$
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Park Nobel

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780520231573

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520231573.001.0001

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Fruits of Vine and Columnar Cacti

Fruits of Vine and Columnar Cacti

Chapter:
Chapter 11 Fruits of Vine and Columnar Cacti
Source:
Cacti
Author(s):

Avinoam Nerd

Noemi Tel-Zur

Yosef Mizrahi

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520231573.003.0011

Fruits of vine and columnar cacti are increasingly popular in many countries. This chapter discusses vine and columnar cacti cultivated for their fruits, known as pitahaya or pitaya: pitahaya generally refers to fruits of vine (climbing) species and pitaya to fruits of columnar (erect) ones. The red pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus) is the most popular vine cactus and is a worldwide crop, while the yellow pitaya (Stenocereus queretaroensis) is the most cultivated among the columnar cacti. In the chapter, the cytology, breeding systems, environmental constraints, horticultural aspects, and commercialization of the main cultivated species are examined.

Keywords:   vine cacti, columnar cacti, pitahaya, pitaya, red pitahaya, Hylocereus undatus, yellow pitaya, Stenocereus queretaroensis

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