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Failure of EmpireValens and the Roman State in the Fourth Century A.D.$
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Noel Lenski

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780520233324

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520233324.001.0001

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Religion under the Valentiniani

Religion under the Valentiniani

(p.211) Chapter 5 Religion under the Valentiniani
Failure of Empire

Lenski Noel

University of California Press

This chapter reports Valentinian's and Valens' attitudes toward pagans as a unified whole. The dramatic magic and treason trials that have often been used to brand both emperors as persecutors of pagans are also explored. The chapter then turns to Christian religion to see how Valens differed from his brother, primarily because of the differing circumstances in which the two operated. Valens was present at many of the magic trials in his domain, Valentinian presided only from a distance. It describes Valens' baptism by the Homoians at the beginning of his reign and the influence this had on his subsequent religious. Next, it addresses Valens' handling of the Arian crisis, which can be broken into three phases. The sudden victory of Homoousianism is unlikely to have occurred had Valens not undertaken his persecutions and above all had he not been dishonored in the manner of his death.

Keywords:   Valentinian, Valens, Christian religion, Arian crisis, pagans, dramatic magic, treason trials, Homoousianism

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