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Nurturing the NationThe Family Politics of Modernizing, Colonizing, and Liberating Egypt, 1805-1923$
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Lisa Pollard

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520240223

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520240223.001.0001

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Reform on Display: The Family Politics of the 1919 Revolution

Reform on Display: The Family Politics of the 1919 Revolution

(p.166) Chapter 6 Reform on Display: The Family Politics of the 1919 Revolution
Nurturing the Nation

Lisa Pollard

University of California Press

The rhetoric and iconography of the effendiyya during the 1919 Revolution alluded to Egypt's rebirth, its passage from one stage of existence to another. Among the most volatile factors of the World War I era were insinuations made by the British that the end of the war would lead directly to negotiations over Egypt's future independence. Such expectations were further heightened by Woodrow Wilson's postwar declaration of his principles of self-determination. Both sets of promises evoked the vague language and goals of the occupation as it began in 1882, in which Egypt was depicted as a child being raised to maturity by its colonial master. The rhetoric and the iconography of the revolution frequently engaged and contested the language and images of the occupation. Certainly, revolutionary circulars intercepted by British intelligence reveal that the long list of promises made by the British, including the false promise of liberation after World War I, served to fuel revolutionary fervor.

Keywords:   effendiya, Egypt, British, independence, rhetoric, iconography, revolution

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