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Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle PleistoceneThe Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado$

Anthony Barnosky

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780520240827

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520240827.001.0001

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(p.xix) Tables

(p.xix) Tables

Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene
University of California Press

  1. 2.1. Names and locality numbers of major vertebrate fossil sites of Porcupine Cave 16

  2. 2.2. Conversion from numbered arbitrary levels applicable only within grids to correlative horizons labeled by letters traceable across grids in DMNH 644, within the Velvet Room 23

  3. 3.1. Weather data from the Antero Reservoir station in South Park, compared with data from Fairbanks, Alaska, the Colorado Front Range, and the Khamar-Daban Mountains of southern Siberia 31

  4. 3.2. Plant species characterizing the main vegetation types in South Park 32

  5. 7.1. Percentages of arvicoline rodents identified from the DMNH Velvet Room excavation 70

  6. 8.1. Vertebrate associates of Neotoma cinerea in Colorado 78

  7. 8.2. Vertebrate associates of Neotoma mexicana in Colorado 79

  8. 8.3. Vertebrate associates of Neotoma albigula in Colorado 80

  9. 8.4. Vertebrate associates of Neotoma floridana in Colorado 80

  10. 10.1. Faunal list for the Badger Room 96

  11. 10.2. Faunal lists for Badger Dome, Come-A-Long Room, Cramped Quarters, Crystal Room, and Damp Room 97

  12. 10.3. Faunal lists for the Ferret Room, Fissure Dump, Fissure Fill A, and Fissure Fill B 98

  13. 10.4. Faunal lists for Generator Dome, Gypsum Room, Gypsum Room SE Corner, KU Digs 1 and 3, and Memorial Day Room 99

  14. 10.5. Faunal lists for New Passage, Tobacco Road, Trailside Entrance, Velvet Room Last Chance Pit, Velvet Room Kate’s Cupola, and Velvet Room Will’s Hole 100

  15. 10.6. Amphibians, reptiles, and birds from Velvet Room Mark’s Sink 101

  16. 10.7. Mammals from Velvet Room Mark’s Sink 102

  17. 10.8. Faunal list for specimens found in Porcupine Cave that lack more detailed provenance data 103

  18. 10.9. Faunal list for upper six levels of the Pit 104

  19. 10.10. Faunal list for lower seven levels of the Pit 108

  20. 10.11. Faunal list for the Velvet Room CM excavation 110

  21. 10.12. Faunal list for upper six horizons of the DMNH Velvet Room excavation 111

  22. 10.13. Faunal list for lower six horizons and undifferentiated material from the DMNH Velvet Room excavation 114

  23. 11.1. Stratigraphic distribution of amphibian and reptile remains from the Pit locality 124

  24. 12.1. Avian taxa identified from early and middle Pleistocene deposits from Porcupine Cave 128

  25. 12.2. Measurements of premaxillae of Centrocercus urophasianus compared to the fossil specimen from Porcupine Cave 133

  26. 12.3. Measurements of tarsometatarsi of Numenius species compared to the fossil specimen from Porcupine Cave 134

  27. 13.1. Taxidea taxus: measurements of P4, M1, and m1 from the Badger Room and a recent sample 145

  28. 13.2. Spilogaleputorius: measurements of P4, M1, and m1 from Porcupine Cave and a recent sample 145

  29. (p.xx) 13.3. Most common species of carnivores in five areas of Porcupine Cave 148

  30. 14.1. North American fossil Ochotona of Pliocene (latest Hemphillian and Blancan) and early Pleistocene (Irvingtonian) age 157

  31. 14.2. Numbers of specimens of Ochotona from the stratigraphic units in the Pit 159

  32. 14.3. Locations within Porcupine Cave for the unusual form of pika here termed Ochotona sp. near Trout Cave form 159

  33. 15.1. Matrix of species presence and absence for the horizons of the main dig site in the Velvet Room 168

  34. 17.1. Comparison of S. lateralis and S. cf. S. elegans on lower and upper alveolar row measurements 177

  35. 17.2. Dimensions of p4 for samples of S. cf. S. elegans 178

  36. 17.3. Comparison of ?Cynomys andersoni with other primitive prairie dogs and prairie dog-like ground squirrels based on lower dental variables 181

  37. 17.4. Comparison of four samples of Cynomys on lower dental variables 183

  38. 18.1. Summary of dental differences among the species of Neotoma represented in the Porcupine Cave fauna 198

  39. 18.2. Numbers of identified specimens (NISP) and percentages of NISP by level for Neotoma fossils in the Pit locality 201

  40. 19.1. Known temporal range of arvicoline rodent taxa recovered from Porcupine Cave 219

  41. 21.1. Artiodactyla recovered from Porcupine Cave 281

  42. 21.2. Measurements of the humerus and radius of modern and fossil Antilocapra and fossils from Porcupine Cave 285

  43. 21.3. Measurements of astragali identified as belonging to antilocaprids from Porcupine Cave 287

  44. 21.4. Measurements of the M1–2of the Porcupine Cave specimen CM 75510; Oreamnos harringtoni from Texas; Oreamnos harringtoni from the Grand Canyon, Arizona; Oreamnos americanus; and Ovis canadensis 288

  45. 22.1. Badger Room faunal list 298

  46. 22.2. Relative abundance of mammals in the Badger Room assemblage 299

  47. 22.3. Patterns of representation among skeletal elements in the Carnegie Museum Badger Room collection 299

  48. 22.4. Patterns of modification and damage to leporid femora and humeri in the Carnegie Museum collection 300

  49. 22.5. Estimates of the minimum and maximum monthly temperatures within the geographic ranges of selected indicator taxa 301

  50. 22.6. Estimates for the highest minimum and lowest maximum monthly precipitation levels based on selected indicator taxa 302

  51. 22.7. Synecological profiles for the Badger Room and recent historical South Park taxa 304

  52. 22.8. Systematic richness of the Badger Room fossil mammals compared with the recent historical South Park community 305

  53. 22.9. Species richness of the South Park mammal community broken down by size class and trophic group 310

  54. 22.10. Species deletion and addition information broken down by size class and trophic group 310

  55. 24.1. Oxygen and carbon isotope values for Marmota tooth enamel 329

  56. 25.1. Summary statistics for tooth measurements in Marmota 336

  57. 25.2. ANOVA p-values for each dental dimension in marmot teeth 336

  58. 25.3. Measurements of modern marmot teeth and skulls from MVZ collections 337