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Geographies of Identity in Nineteenth-Century Japan$
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David Howell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520240858

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520240858.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use (for details see http://california.universitypressscholarship.com/page/535/privacy-policy-and-legal-notice).date: 18 December 2017

Violence and the Abolition of Outcaste Status

Violence and the Abolition of Outcaste Status

Chapter:
(p.79) chapter 4 Violence and the Abolition of Outcaste Status
Source:
Geographies of Identity in Nineteenth-Century Japan
Author(s):

David L. Howell

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520240858.003.0004

This chapter reports the immediate effects of the abolition edict. It also discusses the Mimasaka Blood-Tax Rebellion of 1873. Murderous violence in late Tokugawa and early Meiji popular protest as the medium for that assessment are examined. It argues, first, that the sudden incidence of murderous violence in the first decade of the Meiji period was a by-product of the dissolution of the status system and its ideological supports, and second, that even apparently random violence was subject to rules that had their origins in the performative conventions of Tokugawa protest. Additionally, the chapter explores the broader context of anti-Buraku violence to understand how it was specifically a function of the downfall of the status order. The Mimasaka Blood-Tax Rebellion suggests that murderous violence underwent a process of “modernization” in the years following the Restoration. The wave of peasant movements during the years right after the Restoration is described.

Keywords:   murderous violence, Mimasaka Blood-Tax Rebellion, abolition, Tokugawa, Meiji, Restoration, status system, anti-Buraku violence

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