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The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa$

Getzel Cohen

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520241480

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520241480.001.0001

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(p.424) V Refoundations and New Foundations

(p.424) V Refoundations and New Foundations

The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa
University of California Press

Listed below are settlements for which there is evidence or some indication of their being either refoundations or new foundations (see also the brief discussion in my Settlements in Europe, 428). In reviewing this list it is important to keep in mind that for many settlements there is no extant evidence bearing on this question. I have not included any of the latter foundations.


Alexandreia near Egypt


Anthedon (?)

Antioch by Hippos

Antioch near Daphne

Antiochenes in Jerusalem

Apameia on the Axios

Apollonia (Arsuf )

Apollonia in Cyrenaica

Arethousa in northern Syria (?)

Arethousa in southern Syria (?)

Arsameia on the Euphrates

Arsameia on the Nymphaios

Arsinoe Taucheira

Berenike Euesperides

Berenike Ezion Geber

Berenike Panchrysos (?)


Chalkis on Belos

(p.425) Chalkis under Libanos

Demetrias Damascus

Doliche (?)

Doura Europos


Europos Carchemish (?)

Gerasa Antioch on the Chrysorhoas


Herakleia Arka

Hierapolis Bambyke

Jerusalem Akra

Laodikeia by the Sea

Laodikeia in Phoenicia Berytos

Laodikeia near Libanos

Larisa Sizara

Leukas Balanaia

Megara (?)



Philadelpheia Rabbat Amman

Ptolemais/Antioch Ake

Ptolemais Barke

Ptolemais in the Thebaid

Ras Ibn Hani



Seleukeia Abila

Seleukeia/Antioch Gadara

Seleukeia Gaza

Seleukeia in Pieria


Straton’s Tower (?)

New Foundations

Berenike Trogodytika

Jebel Khalid


Seleukeia on the Euphrates/Zeugma