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The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa$
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Getzel Cohen

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780520241480

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520241480.001.0001

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Egypt

Egypt

Chapter:
(p.345) VII Egypt (p.346)
Source:
The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa
Author(s):

Getzel M. Cohen

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520241480.003.0009

This chapter summarizes the settlements in Euergetis, Kleopatra, Paraitonion, Philometoris, and Ptolemais in the Thebaid. Paraitonion was one of only two good harbors on the Egyptian coast; the other was Alexandreia. It was located at the site of the modern Mersa Matruh. A dedication to Ptolemy VI Philometor and Kleopatra, which dates to between 152 and 149 B.C., refers to Boethos as the founder of two cities in the Triakontaschoinos, Philometoris and Kleopatra. Strabo described Ptolemais as the largest city of the Thebaid. Ptolemais was located at the site of a native village—Psoi—in Upper Egypt on the west bank of the Nile River below Akhmim.

Keywords:   Euergetis, Kleopatra, Paraitonion, Philometoris, Ptolemais, Thebaid, settlements

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