This chapter summarizes the settlements in Euergetis, Kleopatra, Paraitonion, Philometoris, and Ptolemais in the Thebaid. Paraitonion was one of only two good harbors on the Egyptian coast; the other was Alexandreia. It was located at the site of the modern Mersa Matruh. A dedication to Ptolemy VI Philometor and Kleopatra, which dates to between 152 and 149 B.C., refers to Boethos as the founder of two cities in the Triakontaschoinos, Philometoris and Kleopatra. Strabo described Ptolemais as the largest city of the Thebaid. Ptolemais was located at the site of a native village—Psoi—in Upper Egypt on the west bank of the Nile River below Akhmim.
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