This chapter describes the settlements in Apollonia, Arsinoe Taucheira, Berenike Euesperides, Kainopolis, and Ptolemais Barke. A group of terra-cotta figurines found at Apollonia has been tentatively dated to the first half of the fourth century B.C. Arsinoe was located 40 kilometers southwest of Ptolemais and 69 kilometers northeast of Berenike at the site of the modern oasis of Tocra. There are two references—both post-Hellenistic—to Kainopolis in Cyrenaica in the extant sources: Ptolemy and the Tabula Peutingeriana. Ptolemais had been wealthy and populous in ancient times; in time, however, the city became almost deserted because of the lack of water. Ptolemais was located on the Mediterranean coast at the site of the modern village of Tolmeta, approximately 100 kilometers east of Benghazi.
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