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The Dinosauria$
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David Weishampel

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780520242098

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520242098.001.0001

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Hadrosauridae

Hadrosauridae

Chapter:
(p.438) Twenty Hadrosauridae
Source:
The Dinosauria
Author(s):

John R. Horner

David B. Weishampel

Catherine A. Forster

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520242098.003.0023

This chapter examines the anatomy, biogeographic distribution, evolutionary patterns, and paleoecology of hydrosaurids. Hadrosauridae is the last major clade of ornithopods to evolve in the Mesozoic. Members of this clade are divided into two clades: Hadrosaurinae or “flat-headed” hadrosaurids and Lambeosaurinae or “crested” hadrosaurids. The most distinctive morphologic characters of hadrosaurids are concentrated in the skull — the development of complex dental batteries, the alterations to the nasal cavity or arch, and the expanded rostrum or snout. Hadrosaurids are widely distributed in North America, central and eastern Asia, Europe, South America, and the Antarctica Peninsula. They were also the dominant terrestrial herbivores of their times. Hadrosaurids were active foragers on ground cover and low arboreal foliage from conifers and deciduous trees and shrubs.

Keywords:   hydrosaurids, ornithopods, Hadrosauridae, Hadrosaurinae, Lambeosaurinae

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