Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Minsk Ghetto 1941-1943Jewish Resistance and Soviet Internationalism$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Barbara Epstein

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780520242425

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520242425.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use (for details see http://california.universitypressscholarship.com/page/535/privacy-policy-and-legal-notice).date: 20 November 2017

The Minsk Ghetto

The Minsk Ghetto

Chapter:
(p.77) Chapter 3 The Minsk Ghetto
Source:
The Minsk Ghetto 1941-1943
Author(s):

Barbara Epstein

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520242425.003.0004

This chapter discusses the formation of Minsk ghettos following the invasion of the German army. On June 22, 1941, Germans attacked the Soviet Union. Many fled Minsk including the Minsk Byelorussian Communist Party. However, many people including Jews and Communists who would become the main targets of the Germans remained in Minsk past the time when it was possible to leave because their family members were at their workplaces and their children were at camps. Of the people that tried to escape, many of them were forced back to Minsk as they were driven back by German soldiers. The impending hostility of the Germans to the Jews was not yet discovered in the year and nine months preceding the German invasion because negative information about the Nazi regime was screened out of the news that reached Soviet populations. Plus, German hostility was further conflicted by the long-standing view that German culture was particularly enlightened in regard to Jews. No one understood that Jews would be special targets and no one anticipated the level of violence that was to take place. The first sign of the German's hostility toward Jews came several weeks after the invasion. Men aging fifteen to forty-five were asked to report to public squares. Tens of thousands of men marched to the village of Drozdy where the Germans set up primitive camps. The Germans separated Jews from Byelorussians who were eventually released. The Jews who were detained were separated further by their occupations. Those who were professionals were murdered, while those who were not were eventually made to occupy the ghettos which were under the control and guard of Germans. Inside the ghettos, underground movements were formed, starvation was prevalent, and escapes were carried out. In the following months and years after the German invasion, pogroms were conducted, killing thousands of Jews in the ghettos.

Keywords:   Minsk ghettos, German army, Jews, Communists, German invasion, Drozdy, ghettos, pogroms

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.