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Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992$
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Maurice Finocchiaro

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520242616

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520242616.001.0001

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Varieties of Torture

Varieties of Torture

Demythologizing Galileo's Trial? (1835–1867)

Chapter:
(p.222) Chapter 11 Varieties of Torture
Source:
Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992
Author(s):

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0012

Torture and demythologization were the two topics coalesced around during Galileo's trial. David Brewster depicted him as having cowardly avoided martyrdom, thus in effect harming the cause of science and benefiting that of the Church. Guglielmo Libri was interested primarily in using Brewster's work to develop his own account of Galileo's life and work in general. Peter Cooper elaborated that Copernicanism was never properly and officially declared a heresy. There is little question that John Quincy Adams' account of Galileo was relatively superficial, contained factual inaccuracies, and expressing interpretations unflattering to the Catholic Church. Marino Marini charged Galileo with all kinds of inconsistency, insincerity, and imprudence. Philarète Chasles' account strengthened an approach to Galileo's trial that may be called circumstantialist and demythologizing. Richard Madden's position perhaps was that there were reasons for thinking that the trial was unjustified, and there were also reasons for thinking that it was justified.

Keywords:   torture, demythologization, Galileo, David Brewster, Guglielmo Libri, Peter Cooper, John Quincy Adams, Marino Marini, Philarète Chasles, Richard Madden

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