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Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992$
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Maurice Finocchiaro

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780520242616

Published to California Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520242616.001.0001

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The Condemnation of Galileo (1633)

The Condemnation of Galileo (1633)

Chapter:
(p.7) Chapter 1 The Condemnation of Galileo (1633)
Source:
Retrying Galileo, 1633-1992
Author(s):

Maurice A. Finocchiaro

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520242616.003.0002

This chapter explores the four defining documents, namely the Inquisition's Sentence (1633), Galileo's Abjuration, the Index's Anti-Copernican Decree, and the Index's Correction of Copernicus' Revolutions, in order to understand the condemnation of Galileo and the controversy it generated. Galileo had been found guilty of “vehement suspicion of heresy.” This notion embodies the complexity of the theological concept of heresy and of the Inquisition's antiheretical practices. It is also crucial to note that two suspected heresies were being attributed to Galileo. The sentence had declared Galileo to be a suspected heretic; the abjuration here repeated this characterization. The chapter then investigates the corrections to Copernicus' Revolutions published on 15 May 1620, and sees whether they may have softened or otherwise clarified the situation by spelling out the conditions under which that book could be read and, by implication, what aspect of the doctrine was not condemned or prohibited.

Keywords:   Galileo, Inquisition's Sentence, Anti-Copernican Decree, Revolutions, heresy, Copernicus, condemnation

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