Descartes, Peiresc, Galileo's Daughter (1633–1642)
This chapter begins with the period from 1633 to approximately 1642—the period of Galileo's life after the trial. It concentrates on the reactions of four individuals that for various reasons have emblematic significance: Galileo, Nicholas Claude Fabri de Peiresc, Sister Maria Celeste, and René Descartes. Descartes claimed that the Inquisition had declared the geokinetic opinion a heresy. He was also probably echoing the Liège poster's interpretation. At the age of sixteen, Virginia became a nun in the monastery of San Matteo in Arcetri, on the outskirts of Florence, and took the name of Sister Maria Celeste. Peiresc was in a good position to try to help Galileo. Galileo concluded that, despite the identity of the formal conditions, he was actually freer to receive visitors in Arcetri.
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