Secularism, Liberalism, Fundamentalism (1633–1661)
The Church's unprecedented effort to promulgate Galileo's sentence and abjuration is evidence of the attempt to generalize Galileo's case, to derive general prescriptions from his condemnation. This chapter investigates how some state authorities reacted to Galileo's condemnation. The Catholic states in Europe tended to see Galileo's condemnation as an abuse of power by Rome and did not cooperate in its enforcement. On the other hand, the non-Catholic states did not need to make an official response, and so they did not. The twenty-eight years from Galileo's condemnation to the first volume of Salusbury's Mathematical Collections and Translations embodied a second wave of reactions to Galileo's condemnation. In this second wave, the reactions may be regarded as more societal, because of the number of persons involved, and relatively polarizing, because of the way the issues were formulated.
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